Changes during pregnancy
Pregnancy and gingival health :
Pregnancy may make women more prone to periodontal (gum) disease and cavities. Poor oral hygiene during pregnancy can lead to gingivitis (inflamed gums)an early stage of periodontal disease that occurs when the gums become red and swollen from inflammation that may be aggravated by changing hormones If it’s not treated during pregnancy it may lead to Periodontitis( inflammation of the structures surrounding tooth ) which might lead to bone loss .This can eventually lead to pregnancy tumour /pyogenic granuloma . It has been also associated with poor pregnancy outcomes, including PRETERM BIRTH and LOW BIRTH WEIGHT.
Pregnancy and Cavity:
Pregnant women may also be at risk for cavities due to changes in behaviors, such as eating habits. Women who have a lot of cavity – causing bacteria during preganancy and after delivery could transmit these bacteria from their mouth to the mouth of their baby.
Morning sickness may also cause tooth sensitivity and increased risk of dental caries because of the acidic nature of the vomit. this lead to erosin of (wearing off) of enamel surface.
Maintaining Dental Health During Pregnancy
Get regular dental checkups before and during pregnancy
Brushing twice a day and flossing daily might help to maintain good dental health.
Use flouride mouth rinses
Women undergoing morning sickness, after vomiting rinse with baking soda and water to prevent tooth erosin.
Dental Treatment During Pregnancy
During 1st trimester. Any Treatment or medication is avoided as it might affect the baby.
Usually, dental treatments are carried out during 2nd trimester of the pregnancy.
In case of any dental emergencies like extractions and root canal treatments, it has to be addressed immediately. However, radiographs are avoided since the baby is sensitive to any radiation.